Ingenieurbüro Arbeitsgestaltung und Baubiologie <a href=Peter Rauch">
Automatic translation from the German

The physiological effect of the color on the human being

On the planning of the correct color-formation of an apartment, high demands are made. It should follow the utilization and as also as possible after the age and the sex. Here, also a geeingete planning-software can help conceivably.

White colors work on tidiness and order educating. Dark colors work crushing and untidiness doesn't attract attention so strongly. With gray tones, the difference-sensation is only very low. Objects (little and counters button at appliances) are badly recognizable. So, more favorable effects can be had by corresponding color-formations in the spaces.

A monotonous housework can be eased by stimulating active colors and color-contrasts. If one would like to relax after exhausting work, calming colors are suitable. Teenagers love active and older people equalized colors on the other hand. Women prefer warm tones. Disturbingly, too active and intensive colors work. For example one shies to step on a shining and colored floor for itself or splendor-varnished floors work making unsure. However, dark red or brown-sounds until to sand-colored are found normal. This has to do with it that the heaven is brightly and dark the ground. Spaces with dark decks and light floors put our sensations on the head.

Through skillful space-division, as the election of the furniture (size, form and color) and its location, and through the color-formation of the space-plains, the in stock space-size can be changed optically. In cold spaces, warm tones should be used. Examinations showed that the temperature-difference can amount to up to 2 K with same comfort and in the same space only at other color-formation. Farblich coolly (blue) shaped surroundings cause a cold-feeling with 22 ºC and lead unconsciously to the higher discontinuance of the heater. One has an agreeable feeling on the other hand if yellow-orange was used instead of the blue wall-coating.

This psycho-physical color-action, Synästhesie, emotions, are created memory, associations, health-status, ages, temper through the influence of the colors at FTAM processes and qualities of the human being, for example perception-services, and a. So, unfavorable geometrical space-circumstances can correct, given Blendungen avoided the function and utilization of an individual grade, accentuated delicacies, or danger-areas are accentuated.

Have lacking color-like formation of spaces influence on the well-being, the accomplishment-standby and concentration-ability. This is applicable also to the native workplace. Any dark corner in the cellar is inappropriate. However, also psychological effects are gained in for example one feeling the yellow box more easily, as if this is equipped with a black-violet color.

Mental working through stimulating colors yellow, light-green, orange
warm spaces through cold colors Become green - and blue-sounds
cold spaces through warm colors Yellow and orange-sounds
high sound-level through passive colors Green, blue, and brown-sounds

Psychological effects of color-impressions
ColorWave-length. / nm Distance-effect Temperature-effect Psychological effect
Blue 460 Distance very cold calms
Green 530 Distance drily until neutral calms very much, equalized
Red > 600 very near very warmly very provocatively, warns, worrying
Orange 590 near very warmly stimulating until pushy
Yellow 570 near warmly stimulates
Brown   near, constricts warmly stimulates
Violet< 430 near neutral restlessly, creatively, mournfully, depressing

For the space-formation, following reason-directions should heed:

  1. It will establish a benchmark. Furniture, that floor or also the window menu-decoration is, can this. It is easier normally to fit the installation for the color as reverse.
  2. All elements of the space should be perceptible for the observer. This is valid, for example, whether emphasizes the spatial arrangement one or corrects or contrasts would like to form in the space. Little one light spaces seem monochrome, with dark should lighten uniformly, pastel-y tones are preferred. In big light spaces almost everything lets itself do. These are dark, tolerates this only smooth contrast so. Narrow long spaces let themselves shorten the forehead-plain optically through the emphasis and high spaces seem lower through darker blankets.
    As well it is to be heeded that colors effect daylight differently as with artificial illumination. Big plains effect plains darker color ever darker than with kleinern.
  3. The defined benchmark should be also the center of interest, to which all other space-elements subordinate.

Case in point of the color-formation on the optical space-geometry with narrow and wide spaces


The interplay of the colors

The following short implementation can replace the color-harmony the realizations in no case. Farbkreis, drei Grundfarben und deren Komplementärfarben A color-county is helpful for the color-drawing selection. The three reason-colors and its general partner-paint are supplemented through six further colors. One gets further colors through change of the repletion and the brightness, to which the same following legalities are applicable.
From above in hand-direction incipient, red (FF 00 00), orange (FF 99 00), yellow (FF FF 00), yellow-green (99 FF 00), green (00 FF 00), blue-green (00 FF 99), Cyan (00 FF FF) light-blue (00 99 FF) blue (00 00 FF), violet (99 00 FF), Magenta (FF 00 FF) and purple (FF 00 99), [bracket-values = RGB-values].

Farbkreis, Farbtöne die als kalt und als warm empfunden
Tones this as cold and as warm is felt.

Farbkreis, KomplementärfarbenOpposite colors are called general partner-colors. They have the highest contrast to each other and work especially strikingly. They however often are found also an unpleasant color-combination.


Farbkreis, aufgeteilte KomplementärfarbenWith apportioned general partner-colors, the next-situated neighbor-colors are used. So more combination-possibilities and less showy color-combinations originate.


Farbkreis, Nebeneinander angeordnete FarbenSide by side, arranged colors in a 90 º-angle also match well.

Farbkreis, Triade aus drei Farben 

Another balanced order represents a triad from three colors. The corner marks of the triangle have 120 º.

Farbkreis, doppelt geteilten Komplementärfarben


The in duplicate divided general partner-colors emerge on the color-county through the offered rectangle. If an corner mark is left out, so the color-number reduces.


Color-combinations try out

Some links to colors

What Goethe interested in colors and why the innocence symbolizes white (The color white feels we, if all wavelengths are contained in the light.)
Goethe-color-teachings Johan Wolfgang of Goethe studied low also science and approximately half of his/its writing has scientific content.
Goethe and the clouds  Ossing, GFZ Potsdam
Color-teachings / the evolution of the colors - alternative theory
Shining synthetic materials

Some links to the RGB - technology

How does one do the RGB from the visible spectrum - colors on the monitor?
RGB World - RGB Color info- super page!
RGB Color codes and Names
RGB - Hexadecimal Color Conversion
RGB browsers Colors

3D technologies

Professional Stereoscopic Three Dimensional services
Ray3D - Stereoscopic Imaging, 3D photos and video production

3D Webscapes

Skiba, Reinald; Paperback work-security 6. Aufl. Erich Schmidt publishing house 1990, S.300 ff
Schmidt, Joachim; Holes however right! 1. Aufl., Books on Demand Ltds, Norderstedt, 2005, S. 40
Stone-stomach, R.; lecture work-psychology, TH Leipzig 1989
Grief, Monika; What do colors can everything, office-practice 5/93 S.14-15

Ingenieurbuero Peter Rauch

 ©  Construction-deliberation : Residential-climate | Index | Content | Lookups | Books / Download | 4/2007  
Engineer-office work-formation and construction-biology Peter Rauch - Leipzig -

Further contributions: Allergy,Everyday life-poison, Color,Composition colors in the space, Color-effect big space, Color-effect small space, Residential-climate, Noise / sound, Thin / illumination MCS, Nicotin, Radon in the house, Pollutants, Vibration, Dust, Fogging